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Tests and procedures

Diagnosing and treating cancer can be complicated. It may involve different tests and procedures to confirm that there is cancer, determine the type of tumour and treat the cancer.

Your doctor may also order tests to check your overall health, to find out how the cancer responds to treatment and as part of follow-up after treatment.

A    B    C    D    E    F    G    H    I    J    K    L    M    N    O    P    Q    R    S    T    U    V    W    X    Y    Z


A
Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)
Anesthesia
Angiography
Axillary lymph node dissection (ALND)

B
Barium enema
Biopsy
Blood chemistry tests
Blood transfusion
Bone density scan
Bone marrow aspiration & biopsy
Bone scan
Bowel resection
Bronchoscopy

C
Cancer antigen 125 (CA 125)
Cancer antigen 15-3 (CA 15-3)
Carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9)
Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)
Cell and tissue studies
Central venous catheter
Clinical breast exam
Colonoscopy
Colostomy and ileostomy
Complete blood count (CBC)
Computed tomography (CT) scan
Cone biopsy
Core biopsy
Cryosurgery
Cystoscopy

D
Digital rectal exam
Ductography

E
Echocardiogram
Electrocardiogram (ECG)
Electroencephalogram
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
Endoscopy

F
Fine needle aspiration

G
Genetic testing

H
Hearing exam
HER2 status testing
Hormone receptor testing
HPV test
Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG or b-HCG)
Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) testing
Hysterectomy

I
Immunizations
Inguinal lymph node dissection
Intravenous pyelogram

L
Laparoscopy
Laryngoscopy
Laser surgery
Loop electrical excision procedure
Lumbar puncture
Lymph node dissection

M
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Mammography
Mediastinoscopy
MIBG scan
Mohs surgery
Multigated acquisition (MUGA) scan

N
Neck dissection

P
Pap test
       Abnormal pap test results
Paracentesis
Pelvic exam
Pelvic exenteration
Pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND)
Physical exam
Positron emission tomography (PET scan)
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA)
Pulmonary function test
Punch biopsy

R
Radical trachelectomy
Radiofrequency ablation
Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND)

S
Scintimammography
Sedation
Sentinel lymph node biopsy
Shave biopsy
Sigmoidoscopy
Skin exam
Stereotactic core needle biopsy
Stool test
Surgical biopsy

T
Thoracentesis
Thoracoscopy
Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)
Tumour markers

U
Ultrasound
Upper GI series
Urinalysis
Urinary diversion

W
Whipple procedure
Wire localization biopsy

X
X-ray

Stories

Heather Moyes I encourage every woman – regardless of how young or how old – to be aware of their body

Read Heather's story

Great progress has been made

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Some cancers, such as thyroid and testicular, have survival rates of over 90%. Other cancers, such as pancreatic, brain and esophageal, continue to have very low survival rates.

Learn more