Canadian Cancer Society logo

Vaginal cancer

You are here: 

Treatment of stage II vaginal carcinoma

The following are treatment options for stage II vaginal carcinoma. The types of treatments given are based on the unique needs of the person with cancer. Treatment is the same for stage II squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma.

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy is often the primary treatment for stage II vaginal carcinoma. It may also be given as adjuvantadjuvantTreatment given in addition to the first-line therapy (the first or standard treatment) to help reduce the risk of a disease (such as cancer) coming back (recurring). therapy following surgery. The types of radiation therapy are:

  • combination of brachytherapy and external beam radiation therapy to the primary tumour
  • external beam radiation therapy to lymph nodes
    • lymph nodes in the pelvis for tumours in the upper part of the vagina
    • lymph nodes in the pelvis and groin for tumours in the lower part of the vagina


Surgery may be offered for some stage II vaginal carcinoma. The types of surgery are:

  • radical vaginectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy, with or without radiation therapy

Clinical trials

Women with vaginal cancer may be offered the opportunity to participate in clinical trials. For more information, go to clinical trials.


Lusomé Founder and CEO Lara Smith Seeing my sister Erin – a young mother – struggle with the emotional blow and then the physical toll of cancer treatment made me want to do something to help women feel confident.

Read Lara's story

How can you stop cancer before it starts?

It's My Life! icon

Discover how your lifestyle choices can affect cancer risk and how you can take action with our interactive tool – It’s My Life!

Learn more