Vaginal cancer

You are here: 

If vaginal cancer spreads

Cancer cells can spread from the vagina to other parts of the body. This spread is called metastasis.

Understanding how a type of cancer usually grows and spreads helps your healthcare team plan your treatment and future care. If vaginal cancer spreads, it can spread to the following:

  • vaginal wall
  • tissues around the vagina
  • pelvic wall
  • lymph nodes in the pelvis or groin
  • bladder
  • urethra
  • rectum
  • lungs, bones, liver

Spread of other cancers to the vagina is more common than primary cancer of the vagina. Cancers that may spread to the vagina include:

  • cervical (most common)
  • vulvar
  • uterine
  • ovarian
  • urethral
  • bladder
  • rectal
  • malignant trophoblastic disease

If a cancer involves both the cervix and the vagina, it is considered to be a cervical cancer. If a cancer involves both the vulva and the vagina, it is considered to be a vulvar cancer.

Stories

Researcher Dr Jennifer Brunet Dr Jennifer Brunet’s research is helping breast cancer survivors be more active.

Learn more

Clinical trial discovery improves quality of life

Illustration of test tubes

A clinical trial led by the Society’s NCIC Clinical Trials group found that men with prostate cancer who are treated with intermittent courses of hormone therapy live as long as those receiving continuous therapy.

Learn more