Uterine cancer

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If uterine cancer spreads

Cancer cells can spread from the uterus to other parts of the body. This spread is called metastasis.

Understanding how a type of cancer usually grows and spreads helps your healthcare team plan your treatment and future care. If uterine cancer spreads, it can spread to the following:

  • middle layer of the wall of the uterus (called the myometrium)
  • outer layer of the uterus (called the perimetrium)
  • cervix
  • tissues around the uterus
  • vagina
  • fallopian tubes
  • ovaries
  • lymph nodes in the pelvis
  • bladder
  • rectum
  • lymph nodes around the aorta (called para-arotic lymph nodes)
  • lymph nodes above the collarbone
  • abdominal cavity
  • peritoneal cavity
  • omentum
  • bones
  • brain
  • liver
  • lungs

peritoneal cavity

The space between the parietal peritoneum (the membrane that lines the walls of the abdomen and pelvis) and the visceral peritoneum (the membrane that covers and supports most of the abdominal organs).

omentum

A fold in the peritoneum (the membrane that lines the walls of the abdomen and pelvis) that covers and supports organs and blood vessels in the abdomen.

The greater omentum hangs down from the bottom of the stomach, covers the small intestine and attaches to the transverse colon (the middle section of the large intestine). The lesser omentum is attached to the top of the stomach and bottom of the liver.

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