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Testicular cancer

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Symptoms of testicular cancer

Testicular cancer may not cause any signs or symptoms in its early stages because the tumour is very small. Symptoms often appear once the tumour grows into surrounding tissues and structures. Other health conditions can cause the same symptoms as testicular cancer. See your doctor if you have these symptoms:

  • painless lump in the testicle
  • swelling so the testicle is larger than usual
  • pain or dull ache in the testicle or scrotum
  • feeling of heaviness in the scrotum or abdomen
  • buildup of fluid in the scrotum
  • enlarged lymph nodes in the neck
  • pain in the back or abdomen
  • trouble breathing or shortness of breath
  • cough, sometimes with blood (called hemoptysis)
  • chest pain
  • trouble swallowing
  • swelling in the chest
  • buildup of fluid around the lungs (called pleural effusion)
  • buildup of fluid in the abdomen (called ascites)
  • weight loss
  • breast soreness or growth (called gynecomastia)
  • signs of puberty in boys at an earlier age than expected, such as the voice getting deeper and growth of facial and body hair
  • infertility
  • headaches


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