Testicular cancer

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If testicular cancer spreads

Cancer cells can spread from the testicle to other parts of the body and develop into a new tumour. The new tumour is called a metastasis, or secondary tumour. If more than one tumour develops in another part of the body, they are called metastases.

Understanding how a type of cancer usually grows and spreads helps your healthcare team plan your treatment and future care. If testicular cancer spreads, it usually spreads to regional lymph nodes. These lymph nodes include:

  • retroperitoneal lymph nodes, which are in the back of the abdomen
  • para-aortic lymph nodes, which are around the main blood vessel in the body (called the aorta)

Testicular cancer can also spread to the following:

  • spermatic cord
  • scrotum
  • distant lymph nodes in the pelvis, mediastinummediastinumThe space in the chest between the lungs, breastbone and spine that contains the heart, great blood vessels, thymus, trachea (windpipe), esophagus and lymph nodes. or base of the neck
  • lungs
  • liver
  • bones
  • brain

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