Soft tissue sarcoma

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Treatments for recurrent soft tissue sarcoma

The following are treatment options for recurrent soft tissue sarcoma. Your healthcare team will suggest treatments based on your needs and your type of soft tissue sarcoma. They will work with you to develop a treatment plan. Treatments will depend on where the cancer comes back and the extent, or amount, of cancer in the body. Your healthcare team will also consider the type of treatment you had for the primary tumour.

Local recurrence

Local recurrence means that the cancer comes back in the same area as the primary tumour. The following treatments may be offered for a local recurrence of soft tissue sarcoma.

Surgery

Surgery is sometimes used to treat a local recurrence of soft tissue sarcoma. Surgery includes removing all of the tumour and some of the normal tissue around it.

Recurrences in a limb are often treated aggressively. The limb may need to be amputated, especially if limb-sparing surgery was used to treat the primary tumour.

Radiation therapy

External beam radiation therapy may be used after surgery to treat a local recurrence if it was not used to treat the primary tumour.

Distant recurrence

Distant recurrence, or metastatic cancer, means that the cancer comes back in a part of the body other than where the primary tumour developed. The following treatments may be offered for distant recurrent soft tissue sarcoma.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy may be offered when a soft tissue sarcoma recurs in distant organs, such as the lungs or liver.

Surgery

Soft tissue sarcoma that recurs in a lung can sometimes be removed with surgery. This will depend on the number, size and location of the tumours in the lung.

Radiation therapy

External beam radiation therapy may be offered to relieve symptoms of advanced recurrent soft tissue sarcoma. This is called palliative radiation therapy.

Clinical trials

You may be asked if you want to join a clinical trial for soft tissue sarcoma. Find out more about clinical trials.

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