Most small intestine sarcomas are gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs). The following are treatment options for gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs)of the small intestine. The types of treatments done depend on:
The types of treatments given are based on the unique needs of the person with cancer.
Surgery is the primary treatment for localized GISTs in the small intestine that are considered to be completely resectable. Different types of surgery may be done depending on where the GIST is in the small intestine. GISTs rarely spread to the lymph nodes, so removing the lymph node is rarely done.
Biological therapy may be offered for advanced, unresectable or metastatic GISTs. The types of biological therapies offered are:
Radiation is not very effective in treating GISTs, so it is rarely used. Occasionally, external beam radiation therapy may be offered to relieve pain or to control the bleeding or other symptoms of advanced disease (palliative radiation therapy).
People with small intestine cancer may be offered the opportunity to participate in clinical trials. For more information, go to clinical trials.