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Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays or particles to destroy cancer cells. Radiation may be used for melanoma:
Radiation therapy is commonly given as a series of short sessions from Monday to Friday with a rest at the weekend. Each treatment takes about 10–15 minutes. The amount of radiation given during treatment, and when and how it is given, will be different for each person.
Melanoma is usually treated with external beam radiation therapy. A machine directs radiation to the tumour and some of the surrounding tissue.
Following surgery to remove lymph nodes, people with a high risk of recurrence may be given high-dose radiation therapy. This includes people with:
Radiation therapy may be used to relieve pain and treat symptoms of melanoma that has spread to:
A clinical trial led by the Society’s NCIC Clinical Trials group found that men with prostate cancer who are treated with intermittent courses of hormone therapy live as long as those receiving continuous therapy.