Survival statistics for melanoma are very general estimates and must be interpreted very carefully. Because survival statistics are based on the experience of groups of people, they cannot be used to predict a particular person’s chances of survival.
There are many different ways to measure and report cancer survival statistics. Your doctor can explain the statistics for melanoma and what they mean to you.
Relative survival looks at how likely people with cancer are to survive after their diagnosis compared to people in the general population who do not have cancer, but who share similar characteristics (such as age and sex).
In Canada, a 5-year relative survival statistic is reported for melanoma. The 5-year relative survival for melanoma is 89%. This means that, on average, people diagnosed with melanoma are 89% as likely to live 5 years (or more) after diagnosis as people in the general population who do not have cancer.
Survival varies with each stage of melanoma. Generally, the earlier melanoma is diagnosed and treated, the better the outcome. Melanoma is often detected at an early stage.
|Stage||5-year relative survival|
People with cancer should talk to their doctor about their prognosis. Prognosis depends on many factors, including:
Only a doctor familiar with these factors can put all of this information together with survival statistics to arrive at a prognosis.