Melanoma

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If melanoma skin cancer spreads

Cancer cells can spread from the area of skin where the cancer started to other parts of the body. This spread is called metastasis.

Understanding how a type of cancer usually grows and spreads helps your healthcare team plan your treatment and future care. If melanoma skin cancer spreads, it can spread to the following:

  • lymph nodes near where the cancer started (called regional lymph nodes)
  • lung
  • liver
  • other areas of skin away from where the cancer started
  • soft tissue under the skin (called subcutaneous tissue)
  • brain
  • gastrointestinal (GI) tract, such as the small intestine
  • bone
  • adrenal gland

soft tissue

The soft tissues in the body (distinct from bone and cartilage).

Soft tissue includes muscle, fat, fibrous tissue, blood vessels and other tissues that support structures and organs in the body.

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Cancer affects all Canadians

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Nearly 1 in 2 Canadians is expected to be diagnosed with cancer in their lifetime.

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