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The following are treatment options for stage III prostate cancer. The types of treatments given are based on the unique needs of the person with cancer.
Radiation therapy has traditionally been considered the first choice of treatment for stage III prostate cancer. It is given together with hormonal therapy for stage III cancer. The type of radiation therapy used is external beam radiation therapy. Brachytherapy is not an option for stage III cancer.
External beam radiation therapy can also be given after a radical prostatectomy (adjuvant radiation) to reduce the risk of the cancer returning in the area of the prostate. This is done more frequently for stage III prostate cancer.
Hormonal therapy may be offered for stage III prostate cancer:
The types of hormonal therapy are:
Surgery may be offered for stage III prostate cancer. The types of surgery are:
Men with prostate cancer may be offered the opportunity to participate in clinical trials. For more information, go to clinical trials.
A clinical trial led by the Society’s NCIC Clinical Trials group found that men with prostate cancer who are treated with intermittent courses of hormone therapy live as long as those receiving continuous therapy.