Prostate cancer

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Reducing your risk for prostate cancer

You may lower your risk of developing prostate cancer by doing the following.

Eat foods that are low in fat

Studies suggest that eating a diet high in fat may increase your risk for prostate cancer. This includes milk and dairy products, which have animal fat.

Eating a well-balanced diet and lowering how much fat you eat may help lower your risk for prostate cancer.

Eat less red or processed meat

Studies show that eating a lot of red meat puts you at higher risk for prostate cancer, and eating a lot processed meat may increase risk. Eating less red or processed meat may help lower your risk.

Eat less dairy

Some studies have shown that diets high in milk and other dairy products may increase your risk for prostate cancer. Eating less dairy may help lower your risk.

Maintain a healthy body weight

Some studies show that being overweight or obese may increase the risk of advanced prostate cancer. You may lower your risk by having a healthy body weight. Eating well and being physically active can help you have a healthy body weight.

Avoid exposure to pesticides

Avoid or lower your long-term exposure to pesticides. Avoid using pesticides for cosmetic reasons. If you have to use pesticides, try to use smaller amounts. Follow occupational health and safety requirements in your province, such as avoiding areas treated with pesticides for a given amount of time. Follow product label instructions on how to safely use pesticides. Wear the recommended protective clothing and equipment, such as gloves or a mask, when applying pesticides.

Follow occupational health and safety guidelines

Whenever possible, avoid exposure to cadmium. Follow all safety guidelines if you work in smelting, battery manufacturing or rubber manufacturing industries.

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