Cancer cells have the potential to spread from the prostate to other parts of the body where they can grow into new tumours. This process is called metastasis. The tumours are also called metastasis (singular) or metastases (plural). Metastases are also called secondary tumours.
Understanding the usual progression of cancer helps the doctor to predict its probable course, plan treatment and anticipate further care.
Prostate cancer spreads by direct extension to nearby structures or by lymphatic spread to the regional lymph nodes. Prostate cancer can also spread through the blood to distant sites.
The most common sites where prostate cancer spreads are:
Cancer-related emergencies are serious cancer-related problems that can occur because of prostate cancer:
A clinical trial led by the Society’s NCIC Clinical Trials group found that men with prostate cancer who are treated with intermittent courses of hormone therapy live as long as those receiving continuous therapy.