Prostate cancer

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If prostate cancer spreads

Cancer cells can spread from the prostate to other parts of the body. This spread is called metastasis.

Understanding how a type of cancer usually grows and spreads helps your healthcare team plan your treatment and future care. If prostate cancer spreads, it can spread to the:

  • bladder
  • urethra
  • ejaculatory ducts (the ducts that run from the seminal vesicles to the part of the urethra that passes through the prostate)
  • seminal vesicles (the glands on each side of the prostate)
  • rectum
  • pelvic wall
  • lymph nodes in the pelvis
  • lymph nodes outside the pelvis
  • bones
  • lungs
  • liver
  • brain

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Great progress has been made

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Some cancers, such as thyroid and testicular, have survival rates of over 90%. Other cancers, such as pancreatic, brain and esophageal, continue to have very low survival rates.

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