Treatment of stage II penile cancer
The following are treatment options for stage II penile cancer. The types of treatments given are based on the unique needs of the person with cancer.
Surgery is the primary treatment for stage II penile cancer. The types of surgery are:
- partial or total penectomy, with or without removal of lymph nodes
- laser surgery
- Laser surgery may be offered as part of a clinical trial.
Radiation therapy may be offered for stage II penile cancer. The types of radiation therapy are:
- external beam radiation therapy
Radiation therapy may be given:
- instead of surgery
- after surgery (adjuvant radiation therapy)
Men with penile cancer may be offered the opportunity to participate in clinical trials. For more information, go to clinical trials.
A surgical technique that uses a laser (an intense beam of light) to make bloodless cuts in tissue.
Laser surgery may be used to remove abnormal tissue on the surface of an organ or the skin, remove blockages or stop bleeding.
Treatment given in addition to the first-line therapy (the first or standard treatment) to help reduce the risk of a disease (such as cancer) coming back (recurring).
Adjuvant therapy is often given when doctors do not know for sure if any cancer cells remain in the body after the first-line therapy.
Great progress has been made
Some cancers, such as thyroid and testicular, have survival rates of over 90%. Other cancers, such as pancreatic, brain and esophageal, continue to have very low survival rates.