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Parathyroid cancer

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Treatment of parathyroid cancer

Treatment for parathyroid cancer is given by cancer specialists (oncologists). Some specialize in surgery, some in radiation therapy and others in chemotherapy (drugs). These doctors work with the person with cancer to decide on a treatment plan.

Treatment plans are designed to meet the unique needs of each person with cancer. Treatment decisions for parathyroid cancer are based on:

  • stage
  • blood calcium level

Treatment options for parathyroid cancer

  • surgery
    • En bloc resection is the primary treatment to remove the tumour and nearby tissues.
    • Surgical removal (re-excision) is done for recurrence of the cancer in the neck.
    • Lymphadenectomy is done to remove enlarged or firm lymph nodes, which suggests the presence of disease.
    • Removal of metastases to the liver, lungs or bone may be done to help control blood calcium levels.
  • supportive therapy
  • radiation therapy may be given after surgery to treat recurrent or metastatic disease
  • chemotherapy may be given for recurrent or metastatic disease
  • follow-up after treatment is finished
    • It is important to have regular follow-up visits, especially in the first 5 years after treatment.

Clinical trials

Clinical trials investigate new and better ways to prevent, detect and treat cancer. There may be some clinical trials in Canada that are open to people with parathyroid cancer. For more information, go to clinical trials.

See a list of questions to ask your doctor about treatment.


Dr Artem Cherkasov Research could lead to better cancer treatments with fewer side effects.

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Facing the financial burden of cancer

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The Canadian Cancer Society provides helpful information about government income programs, financial resources and other resources available to families struggling to make sense of the personal financial burden they face.

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