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Parathyroid cancer

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If parathyroid cancer spreads

Cancer cells have the potential to spread from the parathyroid gland to other parts of the body where they can grow into new tumours. This process is called metastasis. The tumours are also called metastasis (singular) or metastases (plural). Metastases are also called secondary tumours.

Understanding the usual progression of cancer helps the doctor to predict its probable course, plan treatment and anticipate further care.

The most common sites where parathyroid cancer spreads are:

  • tissues in the neck
    • thyroid
    • recurrent laryngeal nerve
    • esophagus
    • trachea
    • neck muscles
  • lymph nodes in the neck
  • lungs
  • liver
  • bones
  • pericardium (sac around the heart)
  • pancreas

Hypercalcemia is a serious cancer-related problem that can occur because of parathyroid cancer.


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