Canadian Cancer Society logo

Parathyroid cancer

You are here: 

If parathyroid cancer spreads

Cancer cells have the potential to spread from the parathyroid gland to other parts of the body where they can grow into new tumours. This process is called metastasis. The tumours are also called metastasis (singular) or metastases (plural). Metastases are also called secondary tumours.

Understanding the usual progression of cancer helps the doctor to predict its probable course, plan treatment and anticipate further care.

The most common sites where parathyroid cancer spreads are:

  • tissues in the neck
    • thyroid
    • recurrent laryngeal nerve
    • esophagus
    • trachea
    • neck muscles
  • lymph nodes in the neck
  • lungs
  • liver
  • bones
  • pericardium (sac around the heart)
  • pancreas

Hypercalcemia is a serious cancer-related problem that can occur because of parathyroid cancer.


Shana Allen This was the only peace we were able to find while the rest of our world was upside down.

Read Shana's story

Advocating for cancer patients

Illustration of a bullhorn

Our staff and volunteers meet with elected officials from local, provincial and national governments to persuade them to make the fight against cancer one of their top priorities.

Learn more