If childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma spreads
Cancer cells can spread from the lymph nodes to other parts of the body. This is called metastasis. Understanding how a type of cancer usually grows and spreads helps your child’s healthcare team plan treatment and future care.
Childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) doesn’t usually spread in a predictable way. It can spread to almost any tissue or organ in the body through the lymphatic system or bloodstream.
The most common sites where childhood NHL spreads are:
- lymph nodes close to where the cancer started
- lymph nodes in other parts of the body
- the spleen
- the liver
- organs in the gastrointestinal tract, such as the stomach and intestine
- a lung, both lungs or the tissue that covers the lungs and lines the chest cavity (called the pleura)
- the brain
- the skin