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The following are treatment options for stage II nasal cavity cancer. Your healthcare team will suggest treatments based on your needs and work with you to develop a treatment plan. You may be offered one or more of the following treatments.
Surgery is a main treatment for stage II nasal cavity cancer. Surgery may be done if the tumour is on the wall that divides the nasal cavity (called the nasal septum). The type of surgery done depends on where the tumour is in the nasal cavity and whether or not it has grown into nearby bone.
Wide local excision removes the tumour along with a wide margin of healthy tissue around it.
Medial maxillectomy removes part of the upper jaw (called the maxilla) closest to the nose, including the side wall of the nose.
Endoscopic surgery uses a rigid or flexible tube-like instrument with a light and a lens (called an endoscope) to view structures or organs or to remove tissue. Doctors place the endoscope in the body through small incisions (cuts made during surgery) or through a natural opening, such as the nostril. It may be used for small tumours that can be easily removed.
Radiation therapy is also a main treatment for stage II nasal cavity cancer. It may be given if:
External beam radiation therapy may also be given after surgery to help prevent the cancer from coming back (recurring). It may also be given before surgery if it is likely that cancer cells will be on the cut surface of the tissue removed by surgery (called a positive surgical margin).
Chemoradiation is treatment that gives chemotherapy during the same time period as radiation therapy. The chemotherapy drug used is usually cisplatin (Platinol AQ).
Chemoradiation may be offered after surgery if cancer cells are found on the cut surface of the tissue removed (called a positive surgical margin).
You may be asked if you want to join a clinical trial for nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer. Find out more about clinical trials.