Hodgkin lymphoma

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If Hodgkin lymphoma spreads

Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) cells can spread from the lymph nodes where the cancer started to other parts of the body. This spread is called metastasis.

Understanding how a type of cancer usually grows and spreads helps your healthcare team plan your treatment and future care. HL usually spreads in a predictable way, starting with the closest lymph nodes. This is unlike non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs), which don’t spread in a predictable way.

If HL spreads, it can spread to the following:

  • other groups of lymph nodes
  • spleen
  • liver
  • lungs and pleura
  • bone marrow
  • bones
  • skin
  • central nervous system (CNS)

pleura

The thin layer of tissue that covers the lungs and lines the chest cavity. It protects and cushions the lungs and produces a fluid that acts like a lubricant so the lungs can move smoothly in the chest cavity.

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Great progress has been made

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Some cancers, such as thyroid and testicular, have survival rates of over 90%. Other cancers, such as pancreatic, brain and esophageal, continue to have very low survival rates.

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