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Glossary


Treatment of stage II cervical cancer

The following are treatment options for stage II cervical cancer. The types of treatments given are based on the unique needs of the person with cancer.

Surgery              

  • A radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy (removal of the pelvic lymph nodes) may be offered for stage IIA cervical cancer.
  • Adjuvant hysterectomy may also be offered following radiation therapy.

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy may be offered for stage II cervical cancer. A combination of external beam radiation therapy and brachytherapy is often used. Radiation therapy is used:

  • if a woman cannot or will not have surgery
  • after surgery, if the pathology report after a hysterectomy shows that the cancer extends past the surgical margins or if the lymph nodes in the pelvis contain cancer
  • before surgery to shrink a tumour (neoadjuvant radiation therapy)

Radiation therapy and chemotherapy

Radiation therapy combined with chemotherapy may be offered for stage II cervical cancer. Radiation therapy combined with chemotherapy is the primary treatment for stage IIB cervical cancer.

 

Chemotherapy may be given for 5 or 6 cycles while the woman is undergoing radiation therapy. The chemotherapy drugs that may be used are:

  • cisplatin (Platinol AQ)
  • 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)

Clinical trials

Women with cervical cancer may be offered the opportunity to participate in clinical trials.

 

For more information, go to clinical trials.

References

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We can give information about cancer care and support services in Canada only. To find a cancer organization in your country, visit Union for International Cancer Control or International Cancer Information Service Group.