Many women have breast pain (called mastalgia) at some time in their lives.
Cyclical breast pain is often felt around the time of a woman’s menstrual period. It goes away after her period ends. This type of pain usually occurs in both breasts. It is more common in younger women and often stops after menopause.
Non-cyclical breast pain does not appear to be related to the menstrual cycle. This type of breast pain is more common in women between 30 and 50 years of age. It can occur in just one breast.
Pain may be felt in part or all of a breast. It may also be felt in the upper arm or armpit. Breast pain may be described as:
- sharp, stabbing or shooting pain
- aching or burning
- heaviness or swelling of the breast
Breast pain is rarely a sign of breast cancer. It is usually a sign of a non-cancerous (benign) breast condition such as:
- breast cysts
- fibrocystic breasts
- fat necrosis
- mammary duct ectasia
- breast infection (called mastitis)
- an area of pus and inflammation (called abscess) in the breast
Talk to your doctor if you have a new pain, a change in the pain or pain that doesn’t go away. They will try to find the cause of the pain to decide on the best treatments for it.
The time in a woman’s life when her ovaries stop producing estrogen and she has not had a menstrual period for 12 months. Most women start menopause between 45 and 55 years of age.
Menopausal means referring to or having to do with menopause, as in menopausal symptoms.
Sometimes referred to as change of life.
See also premenopause, perimenopause and post-menopause.
I’m extremely grateful to the Canadian Cancer Society for funding my research with an Innovation Grant.
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