HPV causes cancer. Help protect your kids.
Staging is a way of describing or classifying a cancer based on the extent of cancer in the body. Because most central nervous system (CNS) tumours do not spread, there is no standard staging system for childhood brain and spinal cord cancer. Instead, childhood brain cancers are classified and treated according to their level of risk, their location in the brain or the extent to which they have invaded surrounding tissues.
Cerebellar and cerebral astrocytomas are classified and treated according to their grade.
Brain stem gliomas are classified according to the degree to which they have invaded surrounding tissues and their grade.
Optic nerve and hypothalamic gliomas are classified and treated according to:
Ependymomas are classified based on their location and if the cancer has spread (metastasized).
Other factors that help classify ependymomas include:
Medulloblastomas are currently staged in 2 groups based on the level of risk.
A medulloblastoma is considered average risk if:
A medulloblastoma is considered high risk if:
Recurrent brain and spinal cord cancer means that the cancer has come back after it has been treated. It may recur in the same location as the original cancer or it may recur in another part of the brain or spinal cord. Certain brain tumours, such as medulloblastomas may recur elsewhere in the body, outside of the central nervous system.
I feel honoured that I was a part of these people’s lives … honoured to have been there for them, to have listened and offered hope that it will be okay.
The Canadian Cancer Society helps with expenses for children in cancer treatment and their families.