Symptoms of bladder cancer
Bladder cancer may not cause any signs or symptoms in its early stages. Signs and symptoms often appear as the tumour gets bigger or grows deeper into the wall of the bladder. Other health conditions can cause the same symptoms as bladder cancer.
The most common sign of bladder cancer is blood in the urine (pee) (hematuria). This may cause changes to the colour of the urine, such as turning it orange, pink or red. Sometimes the amount of blood in the urine is so small that you can’t see it and it is only found during a urinalysis.
Other signs and symptoms of bladder cancer may include:
- a need to urinate more often than usual (frequent urination)
- an intense need to urinate (urgent urination)
- burning or pain during urination
- difficulty urinating or having a weak stream of urine
- low back pain or pain in the pelvis
A lab test used to examine urine to determine its content (including the presence of protein, glucose or abnormal cells) and describe its appearance (including the colour and clarity) and odour.
Great progress has been made
Some cancers, such as thyroid and testicular, have survival rates of over 90%. Other cancers, such as pancreatic, brain and esophageal, continue to have very low survival rates.