Canadian Cancer Society logo

Anal cancer

You are here: 

If anal cancer spreads

Cancer cells can spread from the anus to other parts of the body. This spread is called metastasis.

Understanding how a type of cancer usually grows and spreads helps your healthcare team plan your treatment and future care. If anal cancer spreads, it can spread to the following:

  • lymph nodes around the rectum (called the perirectal lymph nodes)
  • lymph nodes in the groin (called the inguinal lymph nodes)
  • lymph nodes in the pelvis (called the internal iliac lymph nodes)
  • rectum
  • bladder
  • urethra
  • vagina or prostate
  • liver
  • lungs
  • bone


Parker Murchison My favourite thing about Camp Goodtime is being able to hang out with other kids who have survived cancer. They know what is going on in your life and can help you get through it.

Read Parker's story

How can you stop cancer before it starts?

It's My Life! icon

Discover how your lifestyle choices can affect cancer risk and how you can take action with our interactive tool – It’s My Life!

Learn more