Anal cancer

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If anal cancer spreads

Cancer cells can spread from the anus to other parts of the body. This spread is called metastasis.

Understanding how a type of cancer usually grows and spreads helps your healthcare team plan your treatment and future care. If anal cancer spreads, it can spread to the following:

  • lymph nodes around the rectum (called the perirectal lymph nodes)
  • lymph nodes in the groin (called the inguinal lymph nodes)
  • lymph nodes in the pelvis (called the internal iliac lymph nodes)
  • rectum
  • bladder
  • urethra
  • vagina or prostate
  • liver
  • lungs
  • bone

Stories

Marie Whitehead Catch the cancer early. That’s the number one thing. It could save your life.

Read Marie's story

Support from someone who has ‘been there’

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The Canadian Cancer Society’s peer support program is a telephone support service that matches cancer patients and their caregivers with specially trained volunteers.

Learn more