Backgrounder: Exposing the secret lives of tanning teens in Ontario
26 April 2012
Indoor tanning causes skin cancer. The Canadian Cancer Society is calling on the Government of Ontario to support the new Private Members’ bill that restricts youth under 18 year of age from using indoor tanning equipment.
The Society has advocated on this important issue for more than six years because research has shown tanning bed use before the age of 35 increases a person’s risk of developing skin cancer by 75 per cent. Melanoma skin cancer is also one of the most common and deadliest forms of cancer amongst people ages 15 to 29, and is one of the most preventable.
On April 26, the Society released the results of an Ipsos Reid poll on the tanning behaviors of Ontario youth ages 12 to 17. The results of the poll further strengthen the Society’s call for a ban on the use of indoor tanning equipment by youth under 18.
OVERALL POLL RESULTS:
- 52% of youth indoor tanners say that their parents pay for their tanning bed use
- 24% of youth indoor tanners say that parents first introduced them to tanning
- 21% of youth in grade 12 are using tanning beds
- 11% of youth in grade 11 are using tanning beds
- 8% (1 in 10) youth in Ontario are using a tanning bed, up from 5% six years ago
WHAT SHOULD GOVERNMENT DO?
The Canadian Cancer Society is calling on the Government of Ontario to:
- Prohibit youth under the age of 18 from using indoor tanning equipment.
- Restrict indoor tanning promotions and marketing targeted to youth.
- Maintain a registry or licensing system for indoor tanning equipment in use in Ontario with fees put towards enforcement.
- Introduce mandatory, comprehensive, Ontario-specific training for all staff operating indoor tanning equipment. Training should include operation procedures, maintenance and how to identify people with fair skin who are at greater risk of developing cancer.
- Ensure the health risks associated with ultraviolet radiation (UVR) emitting devices are displayed prominently and in clear view of clients at all indoor tanning facilities.
ACTION IN OTHER JURISDICTIONS
Internationally, California, France, Australia and the United Kingdom all have laws banning the use of indoor tanning equipment by youth. Brazil has gone much further by banning the use of indoor tanning equipment for cosmetic purposes in 2009.
In Canada, Nova Scotia passed the Tanning Beds Act in December 2010 prohibiting youth under the age of 19 from using indoor tanning equipment.
Most recently, British Columbia announced it will introduce regulations to ban youth under 18 from using indoor tanning equipment in the fall of 2012.
DE-BUNKING TANNING MYTHS
Myth : A “base tan” from a tanning bed provides protection from the sun.
Fact: Getting a base tan by using tanning beds does not protect people from the sun. A tan offers almost no protection from sunlight or burning. Tanned skin is damaged skin. Even when the tan fades, the damage is still there.
Myth: Tanning beds are safer than the sun.
Fact: In 2009, the world’s foremost authority in identifying the causes of cancer, the International Agency for Research on Cancer, classified ultraviolet radiation devices, including tanning beds, as known carcinogens.
Using tanning beds before the age of 35 increases your risk of developing melanoma skin cancer by 75%. Some tanning beds can give off UV radiation that is five times stronger than the mid-day summer sun.
Myth: Indoor tanning provides a healthy dose of vitamin D.
Fact: Because indoor tanning equipment emits harmful ultraviolet rays, it is a dangerous method of getting vitamin D. A few minutes a day of unprotected sun exposure is usually all that is needed for the average person to get enough vitamin D. You can also get vitamin D through your diet or by taking vitamin supplements.
RELATED POLLING DATA
Strong public support on issue:
A 2011 Society-commissioned poll showed that 83 per cent of Ontarians would support provincial government legislation that restricts the use of indoor tanning equipment for youth under 18 years of age.
Mandatory guidelines needed:
Voluntary guidelines are not enough. A 2008 audit of the indoor tanning industry in Toronto by the Society overwhelmingly found that indoor tanning salons did not adhere to the established Health Canada voluntary guidelines – demonstrating that self-regulation does not work.
Scope of issue:
A 2007 poll commissioned by the Canadian Cancer Society showed that over 50,000 high school aged students in Ontario have
LEADING THE FIGHT AGAINGST CANCER
To make progress in the fight against cancer, we need to fight the disease from different angles. In addition to putting the topic of youth and indoor tanning on the political radar, the Canadian Cancer Society fights cancer through prevention campaigns such as our Tan-Free Prominitiative which challenges teens to embrace their “natural glow” and avoid tanning for their proms. The Society also offers free information and support services that are proven to decrease stress and anxiety in cancer patients and caregivers.
The work of the Canadian Cancer Society is supported by our volunteers and the generous support fundraising campaigns such as April’s Daffodil Month.
For more information on our advocacy work or our information and support services, please visit www.cancer.ca.
The Canadian Cancer Society is a national community-based organization of volunteers whose mission is the eradication of cancer and the enhancement of the quality of life of people living with cancer. When you want to know more about cancer, visit our website www.cancer.ca or call our toll-free, bilingual Cancer Information Service at 1 888 939-3333.